Impact of Corona Virus on National Economy and Public Health
The world is experiencing a worrisome situation due to out-break of a novel corona virus mostly affected China in 2003 and recently in 2019-2020, widely spreading to many countries all over the world. This is not the first Biological threat to humans and perhaps will not be the last The humanity has already experienced many such biological insults in the past. Corona virus can infect other animals like rats, dogs, cats, turkeys and pigs They even transmit to humans. Symptoms are usually mild but may aggravate in 2-14 days. Scientists first found evidence of human Corona virus (HCOV) in 1937 isolated from the nasal secretions and labeled it as Common Cold (OC43 & 229E). Researchers isolated it again in 1960 as Respiratory Bronchitis leading to Pneumonia with symptoms of Common Cold and sore throat. Corona virus belong to the family of CORONAVIDAERI and sub-family COROAVIRINAE. Different types of human Corona virus vary in severity of symptoms. They recognized 7 types of Corona virus that can infect humans. A rare type of strain which causes more severe complications like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-HCOV) and Severe Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). They believe that the viruses spread through droplet infection as common cold, bronchitis, cough, pneumonia and high fever. Corona virus have evolved into 2 subtypes L & S. L-type may be more aggressive and is more common and spread faster whereas S type is less aggressive. Mutation normally happened in viruses and bacteria and in all types of microbes. Research shows that in average person somatic cells undergo genetic mutations and not all mutations necessarily, have positive or negative effects. Changes can turn a virus into a super- virus. They have researched 149 mutations so far but did not notice any major change in character, therefore there is no need to unduly worry about the development. WHO reports that virus is taking a serious economic toll as increasing involvement of people with fatalities have been documented. Chains of various essential services are disrupted or completely halted. If out-let escalates (God forbidden), the global damage will deepen with profound effect on social dynamics, tinged with xenophobia-a serious public health threat. To minimize the risk of transmission we must adopt simple hygienic measures at national level and implementation of robust health measures. In fact globally speaking national health security is fundamentally weak with important gaps to face any impending threat like Corona Virus epidemic to avert such tragedies. In fact, it is a formidable challenge to global public health security. We should work energet-ically to forge an enabling environment for such epidemic control as a social development guided by the over-arching goal of containing and defeating the out-break. We must pursue an active diplomacy to secure strong international support. The whole nation is to be mobilized into a rapid response and most comprehensive, rigorous and thorough measures to be adopted. We should stress with confidence and determination to triumph over the out-break to minimize the impact. Strict instructions on improving public hygiene, isolating patients is required and we need to build long term resilience . Bio-safety challenge calls for greater cooperation mobilizing all resources to overcome the critical situation on international level. Countries need to enhance the cooperation on health issues and facilitate collaboration in times of crisis. New international coordination mechanism be considered to specifically manage such biological risks. In SUMMARY, The current threat is an opportunity to educate people to adopt to higher health standards to combat such calamities in future. Every country must work to build its resilience none will be safe.